Mercury is considered as one of the most potential neurotoxin substance. It has a very negative impact on the environment as well as on human health. Mercury pollution can be transported all over the world via water as well as via atmosphere. So, when mercury emits, ecosystem and people get equally affected. The situation was getting worse day by day in the United States of America. Hence, international actions for reducing mercury emissions and use are taken very strictly.
To address some of the significant issues of mercury, the United States engaged its international partners, both bilaterally and multilaterally.
In the year 2013, the U.S collaborated with the Minamata Convention on Mercury which is a multilateral environment agreement.
It addresses some of the human activities which are constantly contributing to mercury pollution worldwide.
The UNEP or United Nations Environment Program established a Global Mercury Partnership for achieving the goal of reduced use and emissions of mercury worldwide. The United States acted as a catalyst in forming this Partnership. It is also taking active part and doing its best to reduce the use and emission of mercury. This Partnership is divided into several areas and these are:
Besides the United States of America, there are many more regions that are taking strong international actions for reducing mercury emissions and use. Some of these regions are: - Arctic Region - Asia - Latin America
Arctic Region: The United States has already strengthened the technical cooperation on issues regarding mercury. There are some plans and programs launched by them in context of controlling the use and emission of mercury. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program or AMAP and Arctic Contaminants Action Plan or ACAP are the two most prominent programs to reduce the emission and use of mercury.
Asia: Some mercury bilateral cooperation programs was developed by the United States to improve the emission and use of mercury in some of the Asian countries. These include Indonesia, Japan and China. The platform, named APMMN or Asia Pacific Mercury Monitoring Network, is responsible for continuing the mercury monitoring program in Asia-Pacific regions.
Latin America: Peru plays a significant role in controlling and monitoring the mercury use and emission. With the help of Mercury Management, Disposal and Storage action planning in Peru.
So, these are the international actions for reducing mercury emissions and use. Implementation of this planning and agreement can significantly reduce the mercury pollution in the coming years. This can be beneficial for the future generation. It is time for everyone to come together and work for it.